Psychiatr. Pol. 2014; 48(6):1253–1267
Tymoteusz Wołodźko, Andrzej Kokoszka
FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Charakterystyka grup osób po próbach samobójczych – analiza skupień danych
z National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) z lat 1990–1992
FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Characteristics of groups after the suicide attempt. Cluster analysis of National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) 1990–1992
Identification of specific groups with increased risk of suicidal behavior.
Latent class analysis, (LCA) data from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) 1990-1992, conducted in the representative sample of 5977 Americans aged 15-54 years.
Seven clusters of persons were identified: (C1) young adults with at least 5 psychiatric diagnoses in lifetime, with sever anxiety, somatic illnesses and low income;(C2) alcohol dependent with depressive mood, and with at least 4 psychiatric diagnoses in lifetime; (C3) persons without mental disorders and persons with one or two mental disorders, in fourth decade of life; (C4) nearly only women suffering from depression with other comorbid mental disorders, often with anxiety disorders; (C5) young persons with variety of mental disorders, and with abuse of alcohol and other psychoactive substances, with suicidal attempt in past, currently not in relationship; (C6) nearly only men, in fourth decade of life, abusing alcohol and drugs, with depressive mood; majority of them with dissocial personality disorder and with at least three psychiatric diagnoses; (C7) young persons without mental disorders or with 1 or 2 mental disorders, strongly emotionally dependent.
Cluster analysis let to identify and relatively well describe 7 groups of persons with increased risk of suicidal behavior.