_475_486_

Psychiatr. Pol. 2019; 53(2): 475–486

DOI: https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/94469

Beata Łabuz-Roszak, Ewa Niewiadomska,
Katarzyna Kubicka-Bączyk, Michał Skrzypek,
Krystyna Tyrpień-Golder, Anna Majewska, Anna Matejczyk,
Paweł Dobrakowski, Krystyna Pierzchała

FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Występowanie bólu u chorych na stwardnienie rozsiane i jego związek z objawami depresyjnymi, lękiem i jakością życia

FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Prevalence of pain in patients with multiple sclerosis and its association with anxiety, depressive symptoms and quality of life


Summary
Pain is one of the most frequently reported symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). It affects the daily functioning of patients, limits the ability to work and reduces the joy of life.
Aim. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of pain on quality of life as well as symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with MS.
Material and methods. The study included 144 patients with diagnosed MS (mean age 41±12 years, mean illness duration 10.3±8.6 years). The study was carried out on the basis of the author’s survey on current and previous pain – the Quality of Life Self-esteem Questionnaire (EuroQol5D) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
Results. Among all respondents, 117 (81.3%) reported current pain, and 120 (83.3%) declared the occurrence of pain in the past. Currently, patients have reported: pain in one or more extremities – 79 people (54.9%), headache and facial pain – 72 (50%), back pain – 72 (50%), painful muscle spasms – 54 (38.6%), ocular pain – 37 (25.7%), Lhermitte’s sign – 32 (22.2%). Patients reporting pain experienced significantly more severe symptoms of anxiety and depression (HADS-L: 8.0±4.3 vs. 5.1±4.3; p< 0.01; HADS-D: 6.0±4.2 vs. 3.4±3.7; p< 0.01), and had significantly worse quality of life (EQ 5D: 8.1±1.9 vs. 6.3±1.4; p< 0.0001). An association between presence of pain and gender (p< 0.01), age (p< 0.05), the degree of disability (p< 0.05), education (p< 0.001), and the professional activity (p< 0.01) was found.
Conclusions. Pain in MS is associated with more severe symptoms of anxiety and depression, and worse quality of life. Female sex, older age, lower level of education, greater disability, and lack of occupational work predispose to the occurrence of pain in MS.

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)


Psychiatria Polska
is an Open Access journal:
Creative Commons: CC-BY
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Zadanie finansowane
w ramach umowy
nr 739/P-DUN/2018
ze środków MNiSW
przeznaczonych
na działalność
upowszechniającą naukę



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