Online First Nr31

Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 31
Published ahead of print 27 September, 2015


Agnieszka Rynkiewicz, Izabela Łucka


Zaburzenia ze spektrum autyzmu (ASD) u dziewcząt. Współwystępujące zespoły psychopatologiczne.
Różnice międzypłciowe w obrazie klinicznym.


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in girls. Co-occurring psychopathology. Sex differences in clinical manifestation

Aim. The study aims to define the differences in clinical manifestation among adolescent girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Methods. The study group consisted of 15 adolescent girls and 16 adolescent boys with diagnosis of autism or Asperger syndrome and their parents. Adolescents were assessed with ADOS (Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Polish adaptation of the assessment), algorithms of ADOS and ADOS-2 (revised version) were compared. Structured interview was conducted with parents, they fulfilled AQ (Autism Quotient), ASAS (Australian Scale for Asperger Syndrome), GQ-ASC (Girls’ Questionnaire for Autism Spectrum Conditions). Medical records were analyzed. Results were analyzed using statistical methods.
Results. Patients were assessed with ADOS Module 4. Results indicated statistically significant differences between ASD girls and ASD boys in communication section, both verbal and gestures. The mean scores of AQ for ASD girls and ASD boys were M = 33.0 and M = 30.9, and of ASAS M = 57% and M = 61% respectively. ASD girls had more psychiatric hospitalisations than ASD boys (60% vs. 31%), and they were more often treated with antidepressants (67% vs. 31%), anxiolytics (20% vs. 6%), mood stabilizers (40% vs. 19%). ASD boys were more often treated with psychotropic medications (50% vs. 47%) and stimulants (44% vs. 20%) than ASD girls.
Conclusions. ASD girls are at risk of receiving non-spectrum classification in ADOS or ADOS-2 while their developmental history and clinical manifestation confirm ASD. Clinical data suggests that ASD girls present more abnormalities in sensory profile. ASD girls

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)

Psychiatria Polska
is an Open Access journal:
Creative Commons: CC-BY

Czasopismo dofinansowane
ze środków DUN MNiSW

RODO - informacje (Pol.)
RODO - personal data (Eng.)

Inne strony PTP:
Other PTP websites:

Psychiatria Polska
Thomson Reuters Master List
Science Citation Index Expanded
Journal Citation Reports
(Impact Factor 1,196)

Medline/Index Medicus
MNiSW (15 pkt)
EMBASE/Excerpta Medica
Index Copernicus
Erih Plus, Cochrane Library

We recommend:

Pharmacological Reports

+48  518-330-994
kontakt z Biurem KRW PTP