Online First Nr4

Psychiatr. Pol. 2015; 49(4): 801–810
Opublikowano jako Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 4. Epub ahead of print 24 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12740/psychiatriapolska.pl/online-first/4

Anna Binkiewicz-Glińska, Stanisław Bakuła, Hanna Tomczak
Jerzy Landowski, Katarzyna Ruckemann-Dziurdzińska,
Katarzyna Zaborowska-Sapeta, Ireneusz Kowalski, Wojciech Kiebzak

FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:

Fibromialgia – multidyscyplinarne podejście

FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Fibromyalgia Syndrome – a multidisciplinary approach

Summary
According to American College of Rheumatology fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common health problem characterized by widespread pain and tenderness. The pain and tenderness, although chronic, present a tendency to fluctuate both in intensity and location around the body. Patients with FMS experience fatigue and often have sleep disorders. It is estimated that FMS affects two to four percent of the general population. It is most common in women, though it can also occur in men. FMS most often first occur in the middle adulthood, but it can start as early as in the teen years or in the old age. The causes of FMS are unclear. Various infectious agents have recently been linked with the development of FMS. Some genes are
potentially linked with an increased risk of developing FMS and some other health problems, which are common comorbidities to FMS. It is the genes that determine individual sensitivity and reaction to pain, quality of the antinociceptive system and complex biochemistry of pain sensation. Diagnosis and therapy may be complex and require cooperation of many special-
ists. Rheumatologists often make the diagnosis and differentiate FMS with other disorders from the rheumatoid group. FMS patients may also require help from the Psychiatric Clinic (Out-Patients Clinic) due to accompanying mental problems. As the pharmacological treatment options are limited and only complex therapy gives relatively good results, the treatment plan
should include elements of physical therapy.


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